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Industrial Water Cooling

Cooling Tower Configurations

Cooling Tower System Design





Cooling Tower System Design

Crossflow is a cooling tower system design in which the air flow is directed perpendicular to the water flow. Air flow enters one or more vertical faces of the cooling tower to meet the fill material.

Water flows (perpendicular to the air) through the fill by gravity.

The air continues through the fill and thus past the water flow into an open plenum area. A distribution or hot water basin consisting of a deep pan with holes or nozzles in the bottom is utilized in a crossflow tower. Gravity distributes the water through the nozzles uniformly across the fill material.

A - Mechanical Equipment
B - Water Distribution
C - Fill Packing
D - Drift Eliminators
E - Cold Water Basin
F - Air Inlet Louvers
G - Redistribution Area



Counterflow water cooling tower design is where the air flow is directly opposite of the water flow. Air flow first enters an open area beneath the fill media and is then drawn up vertically. The cooling tower water is sprayed through pressurized nozzles and flows downward through the fill, opposite to the direction of the air flow.

A - Mechanical Equipment
B - Water Distribution
C - Fill Packing
D - Drift Eliminators
E - Cold Water Basin
F - No Inlet Louvers